A Brief History
Evidence of human occupation in Brittany date back to at least 5000 BC when megalithic stone art was built. It was inhabited by Gallic peoples before it was conquered by Julius Caesar in 57 BC and came under Roman control.
Roman power started to decline and in the 5th Century migration from the southwest British regions, now Cornwall and Devon, came at the request of Rome to secure the territory.
Brittany became its own country in 851 and would mostly remain so until it became an autonomous region of France in 1532. Although the country did not survive, its language did and the Celtic language Breton has continued into modern day.
The 17th century brought war and trouble. Brittany lost is autonomy in 1789 and became a department of France.
In the 20th Century, there was a movement of cultural reaffirmation and a preservation of Brittany's Celtic heritage.